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Medicinal Plants of Jharkhand

Biological Systems on the planet earth is heavily suffering round the clock due to modern man’s intervention with the environment. Millions of hectares of tropical forest are being destroyed on the so-called path of modernization. We are loosing several hectares of forests every minute throughout the world. A large number of plant species has already become extinct and many more are on the verge of extinction. It has been estimated that out of the Indian rich floral wealth of 50000 species, about 10% has already extinct and another 10% are on the road of extinction. The process of extinction is largely based on environmental factors, ecological substitutes, biological factors, pathological causes and habitat destruction.

On the basis of our field survey, various species present in the Dumka, Hazaribag and Gumla districts of Jharkhand are kept separately in five categories for giving more attention towards their conservation on the forest land and if necessary their large scale plantation on forest land as well as on private land at present juncture. While enlisting the species in various categories the comparison between present resources survey finding and list of plants available in previous working plan of respective divisions have been taken into account. Although discussion on suitable scientific forums and free exchange of views are invited for getting the species nominated into the appropriate categories.

Extinct: The taxon species which are no longer present in the wild, kept in this category.

Endangered: The taxon species whose numbers have been reduced to a critical level due to habitat destruction leading to immediate danger of extinction.

Vulnerable: species whose numbers are decreasing due to over exploitation, extensive destruction of habitat and other environmental disturbances and till now no assured security measure applied to arrest the adverse throughout the district and is facing high risk of extinction in medium from future. It is not endangered.

Rare: The species small in number but no immediate threat on the size of population in the district are kept in this category.

Out of Danger: The species, whose numbers are relatively secured due to application of various conservation measures kept in this category.